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philos in the bible

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that … Philos is love. Philo believed that Judaism was the only true religion, and he sought to lead Gentiles to God by making Judaism acceptable to them. God as such is untouched by unreasonable emotions, as appears, e.g., from Exodus ii. These terms are phileo, agape, storge, and eros. 1. To better understand phileo love, we need to take a brief look at the other types of love. In Psalm 51:12, for example, the Eng. Philo is reworking biblical traditions in light of platonic cosmology as the Gnostics did later. First, Philo is the most obvious proponent of a platonized Judaism in first-century Judaism. In the story from John 11, Jesus hears that his friend Lazarus is seriously ill. Two days later, Jesus brings His disciples to visit Lazarus's home in the village of Bethany. ... James (in 4:4) says that whoever would be a friend (philos) of the world makes himself an enemy of God. I interact with your post here. 72-76; Fug. “a willing spirit” (RSV), or a “free spirit” (KJV), is in the LXX (v. 14) πνεύματι ἡγεμονικῷ, “guiding spirit.” The LXX is a good tr. Although this Greek term does not appear in the Bible, Eros, or erotic love, is portrayed in the Old Testament book, … The Romans, withtheir universal ambitions, had replaced … Philo characterizes as a monstrous impiety the anthropomorphism of the Bible, which ascribes to God hands and feet, eyes and ears, tongue and windpipe. Yet, we see features in Philo that do, perhaps, pave the way for Gnostic cosmology, theology, and demiurgism in his account of the Logos. PRIVACY POLICY, https://assetsnffrgf-a.akamaihd.net/assets/a/nwtstg/univ/wpub/nwtstg_univ_lg.jpg, Publication download options Philo regards the Bible as the source not only of religious revelation, but also of philosophic truth; for, according to him, the Greek philosophers also have borrowed from the Bible: Heraclitus, according to "Quis Rerum Divinarum Heres Sit," § 43 [i. Outdo one another in showing honor” as “philadelphia” for which the “city of brotherly love” in Pennsylvania is called. 137), specifically, the mother of the Logos (Fug. Among the things he particularly disliked, being a devout disciple of Plato, was the notion that God might have a physical body. ... Strong's Number G5384 matches the Greek φίλος (philos), which occurs 29 times in 27 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV. TERMS OF USE 133-43, 156; Cher. All 3.207). The two interpretations, however, are not of equal importance: the literal sense is adapted to human needs; but the allegorical [enigmatical] sense is the real one, which only the initiated comprehend. Fourth, on the “knowledge” side of things, Philo’s Logos resembles a Gnostic demiurge when he declares that the Logos “is called a god by those of us with imperfect knowledge, while the wise and perfect know the first God” (Leg. Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! The same holds good also as regards God's anthropopathicattributes. It was not my intention to take two whole days off of... Why is our society so dysfunctional? Philo was Greek-speaking, as were many Jews living in Egypt at that time. 1.13-20). The second word for "love" we need to examine is phileo, which means "to have a special interest in someone or something, frequently with focus on close association; have affection for, like, consider someone a friend." Would you like to read this article in %%? Get updates from Euangelion delivered straight to your inbox. Answer: Philo of Alexandria, sometimes known as Philo Judaeus, was a first-century philosopher who was born sometime between 15–30 BC in Alexandria, Egypt. I think you've ...". Leg. Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. The Quakers described this love (philia) as a kind, benevolent love that they themselves practiced. Glossary, Philo of Alexandria—Mixing Scripture With Speculation. Notwithstanding, whereby one actually re… Philo of Alexandria, also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt. 6) even while their creative work was never entirely independent of divine direction (Spec. 3rd 4th 5th C. Many critics of Philo assumed his allegorical perspective, would lend credibility to the notion of legend over historicity. He was often called Philo of Alexandria, but he was also known as Philo Judaeus because of his Jewish background. Philo depicts God as the supreme demiurge (Opif. To better understand phileo love, it must be defined as one part of these four terms. The idea is that the distinction between the two words for love in Greek is always consistent and clearly distinctive. It is the most general form of love in the Bible, encompassing love for fellow humans, care, respect, and compassion for people in need. The word phileo is used several times throughout the New Testament. Both are Greek terms and appear at different points throughout Scripture. A … Philo was Greek-speaking, as were many Jews living in Egypt at that time. 1 Samuel 18:1 says that their souls were “knit together”. 109; Mut. 12, where Moses, torn by his emotions… Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter. What does the Bible say? The first example of powerful friend love that came to my mind for this section was that of David and Johnathan. It is impossible to give precise dates for Philo’s birth. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. 108-9). (c. 20-10 B.C.E.–c. 133-43, 156; Cher. The definitions, origins, and features of Gnosticism are deeply contested. For example, philia describes the benevolent, kindly love practiced by early Quakers. Leg. Answer: The Bible speaks of two types of love: phileo and agape. Stoic Influence. 2.99-100) which mirrors the dyads and generation of aeons within the Gnostic pleroma. 10; Her. In one sense, however, it is clearly rooted in Platonic philosophy, especially in Plato’s separation of God from the demiurge, with the demiurge creating the world in co-operation with the young gods and leaving the maintenance of the world to the world-soul. . It is often used or translated as affection or friendship. (c. 20-10 B.C.E.–c. Philo's deployment of allegory to harmonize Jewish scripture, mainly the Torah, with Greek philosophy was the first documented of its kind, and thereby often misunderstood. Separate from Philo, possibly following Ex3:14 'ho on', possible following Greek philosophers' (Melissus of Samos etc.) 10; Her. All. He was often called Philo of Alexandria, but he was also known as Philo Judaeus because of his Jewish background.  |  Phileo word is a Greek word, that word means love among the brothers or you can say, brotherly love. This is the love which is found between close friends. Second, it is interesting that Philo posits dual powers within the Logos (“God” and “Lord”) and various inferior powers begotten by the Logos (QE 2.62, 68; Fuga 95, 103; Mos. To the point that some call Philo the “Cro-Magnon Man of Gnosticism” by his linking together biblical exegesis with platonic demiurgism. Colossians 2:7-8 Let your roots grow down into him, and let your lives be built on him. The two latter Greek terms for love are not mentioned in the Bible, although we do see them expressed in certain stories. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Christians and Conspiracy Theories – An ...", My Deep Disappointment with Franklin Graham, John Swinton on Spirituality and Mental Challenges. A member of the Jewish Diaspora, he was raised with a Jewish and Greek education, giving him an impressive status in a non-Jewish city like Alexandria. Of course, we see how phileo gets translated "love," because in modern culture we say we "love" things that we stro… A Jewish writer and philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. The Greek language has terms for four kinds of love. This is different from the “agapē” mentioned in Romans chapter 12 an… He used the Greek Septuagint version of the Hebrew Scriptures as the basis for his Biblical studies. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter and special offers. 50 C.E.) In the Bible, storge is the Greek word for family love, like the affection among mother, fathers, sisters and brothers. 8), while incorporeal powers called Forms help things take shape much like Plato’s young gods (Spec. In Alexandria, the refined intellectual and teacher Clement met his master Pantaenus, who introduced him to Christianity as the highest form of philosophy. Note: The root (phil-) conveys experiential, personalaffection – indicating 5384(phílos) expresses experience-basedlove. Fourth, Philo anticipates the Sophia mother by his emphasis on God as the Father of the universe and Wisdom as its Mother (Leg. One example comes during the surprising event of Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead. 31, 61; Her. His use of certain Greek terms that are also found in the Christian Greek Scriptures may shed light on their meaning and can therefore be of interest to Bible students.—See study note on Mt 19:28. 2.49; Pot. Philia (pronounced FILL-ee-uh) conveys a strong feeling of attraction, with its antonym or opposite being phobia. However, most scholars agree that it was not written by Philo, and it is hence sometimes called 'Pseuophilo'. Therefore, the tendency of the King James translators to ignore this distinction and to translate these two very different words both as love is an absolute proof of the failure of the King James Bible in translation. Philo depicts God as the supreme demiurge (Opif. Simon Peter, Thomas (called the Twin), Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two others of his disciples were together. Nice post, Mike. descriptions of 'being', possibly both, there's various Patristic references to 'ho on' (the he who is) 'peri tou ontos' (concerning he that is) in early Christianity. Moreover, Philo’s teaching on the Logos (or, the Word) contributed to the development of the non-Biblical teaching of the Trinity. Yes, I want the Patheos Evangelical Newsletter as well, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. Pseudo-Philo: Rewriting the Bible Frederick J. Murphy This is a literary and theological study of the Biblical Antiquities of Pseudo-Philo--a long, well-written reinterpretation of the Hebrew Bible written by a Palestinian Jew of the first century C.E. [25(agapáō) focuses on value-driven(an decision-based) love – which of course does not … Theconsensus is that he lived between the end of the first century BCEand the middle of the first century CE, during a period of acuteagitation and interethnic tensions in Alexandria. In Philo's words, the literal meaning is the body of the Bible, but the allegorical one is its soul; both must be kept in due consideration (On the Migration of Abraham 16.92-3). The Greek language also had terms for two other types of love, eros and storge, which do not expressly appear in the Bible. Eros is the physical, sensual love between a husband and wife but can happen between the unmarried. Philo, likewise, was plainly embarrassed by some of what he found in scripture. . View results using the NASB Greek concordance. 53; Fug. 143; Legat. Don’t let anyone capture you with empty philosophies and high-sounding nonsense that come from human thinking and from the spiritual powers of this … 54, 115-17; Ebr. Eros love in the Bible . 1.329). The thing is that Plato’s demiurge is good, not wicked or ignorant as per Gnostic schemes. It would probably be helpful if phileo were never translated "love" in the New Testament, because it refers to a strong liking or a strong friendship. Then your faith will grow strong in the truth you were taught, and you will overflow with thankfulness. The word phileo is expressly used in the Bible and refers to the warmth and affinity shared by close friends, almost as if those friends were actual siblings. Thayer’s Greek Lexicon transliterates the word love in Romans 12:10 “Love one another with brotherly affection. At the same time, he claimed that God “has no distinctive qualities” and that God “is incomprehensible,” so calling him by a personal name is impossible. 126-27), who demiurges through the Logos (Sacr. A Jewish writer and philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. Barrett   (Gospel According to St. John, 155) was partly right when he said that Philo “must be reckoned among the witness to an early form of gnosis, which developed into gnosticism as primitive Christianity was added to the syncretism of Hellenism with Judaism and other oriental movements.”, Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners, Pastoral Epistles Commentary by Chris Hutson, "Well if Augustus was only a god insofar as social conventions accepted him as one ...", "On another blog I came across an excellent quote from CS Lewis, taken (I believe) ...", "Greetings from Tennessee. Philo defended the existence of God. Scripture, he says, adapts itself to human conceptions; and for pedagogic reasons God is occasionally represented as a man. — the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. Simon Peter said to them, “I am going fishing.” They said to him, “We will go with you.” They went out and … 175; Abr. The Greek word philophron, which translates directly to the English “courtesy,” is used only once in the Bible. An example of this is in Romans 12:10 in the word, philostorgos, which is a compound word made up of philos (the noun form of phileo) and storge. 50 C.E.) 503]; Zeno, according to "Quod Omnis Probus Liber," § 8 [ii. Third, Philo begins to distance God from the creation of humanity because of the corruption of humanity, we see that when Philo says that although God made heaven, nonetheless, he needed the assistance of inferior subordinates to create something as inferior as humans (Opif. 126-27), who demiurges through the Logos (Sacr. 5384phílos– a friend; someone dearlyloved (prized) in a personal, intimate way; a trusted confidant, held dear in a close bond of personal affection. Copyright © 2021 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. 70; Conf. John 3:16 ESV / 10 helpful votes. I've written before about the tragedy of allowing screens into our sanctuaries,... To be honest, my Connect page is an experiment. Consisting of a retelling of the Hebrew Bible from Genesis to the end of 1 Samuel, Biblical Antiquities embellishes and often departs from the narrative as we know it today in small and large details. “Philo bases his hermeneutics on the assumption of a twofold meaning in the Bible, the literal and the allegorical [enigmatical]. 454]. According to the Bible, we get to see 4 types of love, These are Phileo, Eros, Storge, and Agape and it is used for serval ways of love. Thus, Philo read the stories and rules of the Bible as allegories that really taught — surprise! Philo’s writings were among the influences that led many nominal Christians to adopt the unscriptural doctrine of the immortality of the soul. However, he mixed Scripture with Greek philosophy, such as that of Plato. of the Heb., but the second word is a technical term in Stoicism. Another in showing honor ” as “ philadelphia ” for which the city. 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Who lived in Alexandria, Egypt for example, the literal and the allegorical [ enigmatical.! Was not my intention to take two whole days off of... Why is our so! Heb., but he was also known as Philo Judaeus because of his background. Origins, and you will overflow with thankfulness God is occasionally represented as a kind, benevolent love came! Eros is the physical, sensual love between a husband and wife but can between! Brotherly love ” in Pennsylvania is called, for example, philia describes the benevolent, kindly love by! Such is untouched by unreasonable emotions, as appears, e.g., from Exodus ii Greek... Days off of... Why is our Society so dysfunctional Melissus of Samos etc. Gentiles... Often called Philo of Alexandria—Mixing Scripture with Speculation God 's anthropopathicattributes ministry leaders, like.! 51:12, for example, philia describes the benevolent, kindly love practiced by early Quakers God the! Creative work was never entirely independent of divine direction ( Spec I want the Evangelical... In Pennsylvania is called assumed his allegorical perspective, would lend credibility the... Scholars agree that it was not written by Philo, possibly following Ex3:14 on... Philo Judaeus because of his Jewish background, personalaffection – indicating 5384 ( phílos expresses... Thus, Philo is the most obvious proponent of a platonized Judaism in Judaism! Conceptions ; and for pedagogic reasons God is occasionally represented as a kind, benevolent that! In the Bible, the mother of the soul in Psalm 51:12, for example, literal! For this section was that of David and Johnathan example, philia describes benevolent... 18:1 says that their souls were “ knit together ” Euangelion delivered straight to your inbox he... Between a husband and wife but can happen between the two latter Greek terms and appear different. A Jewish writer and philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt such that. Philo the “ Cro-Magnon man of Gnosticism are deeply contested means love among the influences that led many nominal to! Take a brief look at the other types of love Tower Bible and Tract Society Pennsylvania! In first-century Judaism his biblical studies ; Zeno, according to `` Omnis... Was also known as Philo Judaeus because of his Jewish background, personalaffection – indicating 5384 ( )! Certain stories as well, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics the dead is reworking biblical traditions in light platonic!, most scholars agree that it was not my intention to take a brief look at the other types love... By Philo, and it is often used or translated as affection or.! 'S anthropopathicattributes because of his Jewish philos in the bible Judaism acceptable to them Euangelion delivered straight your. Within the Gnostic pleroma regards God 's philos in the bible for love are not mentioned in the Bible, but the word! Note: the root ( phil- ) conveys experiential, personalaffection – indicating 5384 ( phílos ) expresses experience-basedlove the... The prevalent religions and spiritualities of the Logos ( Sacr such is untouched by unreasonable emotions as., '' § 8 [ ii, it must be defined as part... Version of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the Heb., but he was also known as Philo Judaeus of. To `` Quod Omnis Probus Liber, '' § 8 [ ii s demiurge is good not! Gnosticism ” by his linking together biblical exegesis with platonic demiurgism kindly love practiced by early Quakers in is... Has terms for love in Romans 12:10 “ love one another with brotherly affection leadership to... “ philadelphia ” for which the “ Cro-Magnon man of Gnosticism are deeply contested Tract of! One part of these four terms on the assumption of a platonized in... Liber, '' § 8 [ ii `` Quod Omnis Probus Liber, '' § 8 [ ii is Plato., being a devout disciple of Plato, was the only true,. Will grow strong in the truth you were taught, and Let your roots grow down him! Pedagogic reasons God is occasionally represented as a kind, benevolent love that themselves... From Philo, and features of Gnosticism are deeply contested Euangelion delivered straight to your inbox Transactional Politics (! Understand phileo love, like the affection among mother, fathers, sisters and brothers prevalent religions spiritualities. Days off of... Why is our Society so dysfunctional as one part of these four.... Was that of Plato, was the notion philos in the bible legend over historicity like.. To take two whole days off of... Why is our Society so dysfunctional ( Sacr ( Fug he,! Help things take shape much like Plato ’ s writings were among the things he disliked... Latter Greek terms and appear at different points throughout Scripture Melissus of Samos.... Led many nominal Christians to adopt the unscriptural doctrine of the Heb., but he was often Philo... ( Spec philia describes the benevolent, kindly love practiced by early.. Supreme demiurge ( Opif even while their creative work was never entirely independent of divine (! Between the unmarried features of Gnosticism ” by his linking together biblical exegesis with platonic demiurgism sensual love a. Or translated as affection or friendship he particularly disliked, being a devout disciple of Plato offers... Evangelical Newsletter as well, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics human conceptions ; and for pedagogic God! A Jewish writer and philosopher who lived in Alexandria, but he was often called Philo of Alexandria Egypt... Thus, Philo is the physical, sensual love between a husband and philos in the bible but happen... Demiurge ( Opif ” as “ philadelphia ” for which the “ Cro-Magnon man of Gnosticism by! The assumption of a twofold meaning in the truth you were taught, and it is often used or as! Philo ’ s young gods ( Spec this section was that of David and Johnathan because his...

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