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capital of cuba in spanish

Havanais the largest city and capital; oth… China donated the materials in the late 1990s. The beauty of Old Havana City attracts millions of tourists each year who enjoy its rich old culture and folk music. Old Havana, (La Habana Vieja in Spanish), contains the core of the original city of Havana, with more than 2,000 hectares it exhibits almost all the Western architectural styles seen in the New World. Source 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows). González Rego, R. 1999. The FFCC connects Havana with all the provinces of Cuba. Tornadoes can be somewhat rare in Cuba, however, on the evening of January 28, 2019, a very rare strong F4 tornado struck the eastern side of Havana, Cuba's capital city. Nevertheless, after Castro's abrupt expropriation of all private property and industry (May 1959 onwards) under a strong communist model backed by the Soviet Union followed by the U.S. embargo, shortages that affected Cuba in general hit Havana especially hard. Convenciones Capitolio de La Habana. INV, Instituto Nacional de la Vivienda (2001a) Boletín Estadístico Anual. The city has long been a popular attraction for tourists. The temperature seldom drops below 10 °C (50 °F). Many high-rise office buildings, and apartment complexes, along with some hotels built in the 1950s dramatically altered the skyline. Through the creation of firms open to such foreign investment (such as Cubanacan), Cuba began to attract capital for hotel development, managing to increase the number of tourists from 130,000 (in 1980) to 326,000 (by the end of that decade). [93], Over 9% of Havana's population live in cuartería (solares, ciudadela), 3.3% in shanty towns, and 0.3% in refugee shelters. In the late 1990s Vedado, located along the atlantic waterfront, started to represent the principal commercial area. Havana is one of the three Metropolitan sees on the island (the others being Camagüey and Santiago), with two suffragan bishoprics: Matanzas and Pinar del Río. Slavery did not end in Cuba until 1886. [56][60] The heart of Barrio Chino is on el Cuchillo de Zanja (or The Zanja Canal). The 105 People's Councils in Havana cover an average of 20,000 residents. Today’s and tonight’s Cerro, Havana, Cuba weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and Weather.com A severe economic downturn occurred after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. any transfer of state properties, although the public economic assets are found mainly in the hands of one corporation, the armed forces, which forms part of the State, but which is not the State itself. Hundreds of thousands of Chinese workers were brought in by Spanish settlers from Guangdong, Fujian, Hong Kong, and Macau via Manila, Philippines[59] starting in the mid-19th century to replace or work alongside African slaves. Chapter One. In Spanish, the capital is called "La Habana". In the late 1970s, however, Castro changed his stance and, in 1982, the Cuban government passed a foreign investment code which opened a number of sectors, tourism included, to foreign capital. There are also museums of Natural Sciences, the city, Archeology, Gold-and-Silverwork, Perfume, Pharmaceuticals, Sports, Numismatics, and Weapons. It was also the favorite destination of sex tourists.[27]:127. Departamento de Sociología, Universidad de La Habana. [4] The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants,[5][4] and it spans a total of 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region. Such attacks convinced the Spanish Crown to fund the construction of the first fortresses in the main cities – not only to counteract the pirates and corsairs, but also to exert more control over commerce with the West Indies, and to limit the extensive contrabando (black market) that had arisen due to the trade restrictions imposed by the Casa de Contratación of Seville (the crown-controlled trading house that held a monopoly on New World trade). its assistance to and solidarity with them. Many Cubans are avid sports fans who particularly favour baseball. [26] The US occupation officially ended when Tomás Estrada Palma, first president of Cuba, took office on 20 May 1902. [citation needed], Conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founded Havana on August 25, 1515, on the southern coast of the island, near the present town of Surgidero de Batabanó, or more likely on the banks of the Mayabeque River close to Playa Mayabeque. The quality of this natural bay, which now hosts Havana's harbor, warranted this change of location. The episode began on June 6, 1762, when at dawn, a British fleet, comprising more than 50 ships and a combined force of over 11,000 men of the Royal Navy and Army, sailed into Cuban waters and made an amphibious landing east of Havana. [68] It is now home of the National Ballet of Cuba and the International Ballet Festival of Havana, one of the oldest in the New World. Electricity is supplied by generators that are fueled with oil. One more interesting note about that edition of, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 02:00. Havana lies on the northern coast of Cuba along the Straits of Florida, south of the Florida Keys, where the Gulf of Mexico joins the Atlantic Ocean. In the second half of the 18th century, sugar and coffee production increased rapidly, which became essential in the development of Havana's most prominent architectural style. San Cristobal de La Habana was founded in 1514 by Diego Velázquez, Spanish conquistador. During this era, Havana was generally producing more revenue than Las Vegas, Nevada, whose boom as a tourist destination began only after Havana's casinos closed in 1959. [111] Nevertheless, Havana's infant mortality rate in 2009 was 4.9 per 1,000 live births,[5] 5.12 in the country as a whole, which is lower than many developed nations,[112][113] and the lowest in the developing world. Other food-processing industries are also important, along with shipbuilding, vehicle manufacturing, production of alcoholic beverages (particularly rum), textiles, and tobacco products, particularly the world-famous Habanos cigars. With the deterioration of Cuba – United States relations and the imposition of the trade embargo on the island in 1961, tourism dropped drastically and did not return to anything close to its pre-revolution levels until 1989. Santiago de Cuba is located in the southeast of the island at coordinates 20° 01' 17.42" N 75° 49' 45.75" W, some 870 km (540 mi) of the capital, Havana. The Karl Marx Theater with its large auditorium have a seating capacity of 5,500 spectators, is generally used for concerts and other events, it is also one of the venues for the annual Havana Film Festival. The neo-classical mansion of the Countess of Revilla de Camargo, today it is the Museum of Decorative Arts (Museo de Artes Decorativas), known as the "small French Palace of Havana" built between 1924 and 1927, it was designed in Paris inspired in French Renaissance. On December 20, 1592, King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City. Most areas of the city, specially the highly-populated districts, are in urban decay.[97]. [63] Under the Cuban Ministry of Culture, it occupies two locations in the vicinity of Havana's Paseo del Prado, these are the Palace of Fine Arts, devoted to Cuban art and the Palace of the Asturian Center, dedicated to universal art. But light manufacturing facilities, meat-packing plants, and chemical and pharmaceutical operations are concentrated in Havana. The furniture comes from Stéphane Boudin, Jean Henri Riesener and several others. The city has several large sports stadiums, the largest one is the Estadio Latinoamericano. [110] However, the health system has suffered from shortages of supplies, equipment and medications caused by ending of the Soviet Union subsidies in the early 1990s and the US embargo. Alejo Carpentier called Old Havana the place "de las columnas" (of the columns). The history of Cuba is characterized by dependence on outside powers—Spain, the US, and the USSR.The island of Cuba was inhabited by various Amerindian cultures prior to the arrival of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492. Here's how it happened", "Death Toll Rises to Six From Rare Havana Tornado", "World Weather Information Service – Havana", "Casa Blanca, Habana, Cuba: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data", "Klimatafel von Havanna (La Habana, Obs. The strip is a pedestrian-only street adorned with many red lanterns, dancing red paper dragons and other Chinese cultural designs, there is a great number of restaurants that serve a full spectrum of Chinese dishes – unfortunately that 'spectrum' is said by many[who?] not to be related to real Chinese cuisine. The museum was the Presidential Palace in the capital; today, its displays and documents outline Cuba's history from the beginning of the neo-colonial period. [86][failed verification] Chinese born/ native Chinese (mostly Cantonese as well) are around 400 presently. The stops are usually 800–1,000 metres (2,600–3,300 ft), with frequent buses in peak hours, about every 10 minutes. The treaty gave Britain Florida in exchange for the return of the city of Havana on to Spain.[25]. This is not a good example for the translation above. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Other important theatres in the city includes the National Theater of Cuba, housed in a huge modern building located in Plaza de la Revolucion, decorated with works by Cuban artists. La Habana Vieja was founded by the Spanish in 1519 in the natural harbor of the Bay of Havana. de propiedades estatales, aunque el patrimonio económico público se encuentra principalmente en manos de una corporación, las fuerzas armadas, que forma parte del Estado, pero que no es el Estado mismo. The city has a population of 433,099. Although there are no local dialects, the island’s diverse ethnic groups have influenced speech patterns. The lowest temperature was 1 °C (34 °F) in Santiago de Las Vegas, Boyeros. Voters elect delegates to Municipal Assemblies in competitive elections. The second largest city is Santiago de Cuba. Tourism is now Havana and Cuba's primary economic source. The San Carlos and San Ambrosio Seminary (18th century) is a good example of early Spanish influenced architecture. Much like the city itself, this small but tight-knit community is characterized by many contrasts: Rich in spirit, it is bereft of basic services like quality health care and household goods. All attempts to found a city on Cuba's south coast failed. Since then several other universities have opened, like the Higher Learning Polytechnic Institute José Antonio Echeverría where the vast majority of today's Cuban engineers are taught. Many believed the revolutionary government would soon collapse, as happened to the Soviet satellite states of Eastern Europe. There are now just two countries in the world where Coca-Cola cannot be bought or sold – at least … Water, electricity, and sewage service are administered in this fashion. [39] Barrio Chino and the Real Fabrica de Tabacos Partagás, one of Cuba's oldest cigar factories is located in the area.[40]. Glories of its rich history; the Italian tenor Enrico Caruso sang, the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova danced, and the French Sarah Bernhardt acted. were to arrive in the capital of Cuba , Ha vana . The fare is CUP 0.20¢. The López Serrano Building was the tallest residential building in Cuba until the construction of the FOCSA in 1956. [96], The generic term "slum" is seldom used in Cuba, substandard housing is described: housing type, housing conditions, building materials, and settlement type. Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, As Cuba's national capital and seat of government, Havana hosts 88 embassies (including the papal apostolic nunciature, traditionally manned by a titular archbishop). [...] iban a llegar a la capital de Cuba , La Habana . [22] During the 18th century Havana was the most important of the Spanish ports because it had facilities where ships could be refitted and, by 1740, it had become Spain's largest and most active shipyard and only drydock in the New World. The Red Alimentadora, known as the feeder line, connects the adjacent towns and cities in the metropolitan area with the city center, with a maximum distance of 40 km (25 mi). 10 hours ago. Havana began as a trading port, and suffered regular attacks by buccaneers, pirates, and French corsairs. Look up words and phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual dictionaries and search through billions of online translations. [52] Old Havana and its fortifications were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982. [47] The Central Railway Terminal (1912), and the Museum of the Revolution (1920) are example of Eclectic architecture. The national government assumes all responsibility for education, and there are adequate primary, secondary, and vocational training schools throughout Cuba. Admission to sporting events is generally free, and impromptu games are played in neighborhoods throughout the city. Numerous luxury hotels, casinos and nightclubs were constructed during the 1930s to serve Havana's burgeoning tourist industry, which greatly benefited by the U.S. prohibition on alcohol from 1920 to 1933. Starting from the 1980s, the city's population is growing slowly as a result of balanced development policies, low birth rate, its relatively high rate of emigration abroad, and controlled domestic migration. Havana operated a tram system until 1952, which began as a horsecar system, Ferro Carril Urbano de la Habana in 1858,[102] merged with rival coach operator in 1863 as Empresa del Ferro-Carril Urbano y Omnibus de La Habana and later electrified in 1900 under new foreign owners as Havana Electric Railway Company. The first echoes of the Art Deco movement in Havana started in 1927, in the residential area of Miramar. To the west a newer section, centred on the uptown area known as Vedado, has become the rival of Old Havana for commercial activity and nightlife. The Cuban National Ballet School with 4,350 students is one of the largest ballet schools in the world and the most prestigious ballet school in Cuba.[107]. The translation is wrong or of bad quality. The city is administered by a city-provincial council, with a governor as chief administrative officer,[106] thus Havana functions as both a city and a province. The schools are of varying quality and education is free and compulsory at all levels except higher learning, which is also free. The men and women who made Modernisme possible formed part of a privileged social group of manufacturers, investors, bankers and new nobility who had become rich in the late 19th century, according to, Dolors Llopart (3). However, their continuing in power will lead, sooner rather than, later, to the collapse of the Revolution and, Sin embargo, su permanencia en el poder llevará más. The district has two paifang (Chinese arches), the larger one located on Calle Dragones. [53], In spring 2015, the largest open-air art exhibition ever in Cuba took in front of the basilica on the Plaza San Francisco de Asis: Over eight weeks the United Buddy Bears visited Havana. [91], The years after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the city, and Cuba in general have suffered decades of economic deterioration, including Special Period of 1990s. Some 20% were in "fair" condition and 16% in "poor" condition. The revolutionary government in general, and Fidel Castro in particular, initially opposed any considerable development of the tourism industry, linking it to the debauchery and criminal activities of times past. [16] The city is also noted for its history, culture, architecture and monuments. Governor Diego de Mazariego took up residence in Havana in 1558. Havana's team in the Cuban National Series is Industriales. Most slum units are concentrated in the inner-city municipalities of Old Havana and Centro Habana, as well as such neighbourhoods as Atarés in Regla. After many years of prohibition, the communist government increasingly turned to tourism for new financial revenue, and has allowed foreign investors to build new hotels and develop the hospitality industry. Havana expanded greatly in the 17th century. 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