Friday 28 October, 18:30 – approx 21:00

Saturday 29 October, 08:30 – approx 17:00

Sunday 30 October,  08:30 – approx 13:00

Test from 14:00



The Seminar will be held at the Royal Cape Yacht Club

Cost :  R 175 payable to SA Sailing Western Cape.  Tea, coffee and lunches are included, with any shortfall being covered by SAS.

Contact :  Karen Slater   Tel. 082 462 6422    Email:  to register.



  1. Sailors who are likely to serve on their club or class protest committees from time to time, and who would like to be better skilled in this role.
  1. Sailors who would like to be accredited as a National Judge, now or in the future.
  1. Existing National Judges who have not yet attended an NJ Seminar and passed the test, and who would like to continue serving as an NJ.
  1. Existing National Judges who have attended an NJ Seminar and passed the test some time ago, and would like to refresh their qualification.



The aim is to improve the skill level of the participants, to qualify more people as national judges and prepare some people to become international judges.

Even if you have done the course before there is value in doing it again to get the practice in and pick up on new developments.

Note that this is not a rules seminar or course, it is to teach being a national judge and to improve your skills in dealing with protests.

You must therefore have a reasonable knowledge of the Racing Rules of Sailing, particularly the rules of Part 2.


 “We are extremely fortunate to have in SA two experienced International Judges who are also keen on teaching, and are prepared to put in the considerable time needed to prepare and conduct fully up-to-date NJ Seminars, and to set and mark the associated exams. Their seminars really are world class.  Even though I’ve been an NJ for many years and served on the SAS appeals committee for five years, I learned a great deal from the two I’ve attended so far.” – Dave Hudson



  • Reason for course: where does the course fit in the structure of World Sailing and SA Sailing.
  • Protest procedure, including validity of protest.
  • How to write up protest: facts found and conclusion.
  • Considering the evidence, including photographs, video and tracking.
  • Ethics and conflict of interest (including changes in new rules).
  • Rule 2 and Rule 69 hearings (including changes in new rules).
  • Redress hearings.
  • Notice of race, Sailing Instructions, race officer, organising authority and measurer.
  • Discretionary penalties
  • Case studies and group discussion of the case studies
  • Rule 42 judging (theory only), if time is available.


The course will be in a seminar format with participation, contain examples of problem that occur in real life and how to deal with them.  We will to practice writing up protest forms.


You must have a reasonable knowledge of the RRS, particularly Part 2.  Please read the other rules beforehand so that you know where to find them.  You will need a fair knowledge of the rules to be able to find answers in the rules with the limited time available for the test.  If you want to do additional preparation read the ISAF judges manual and the ISAF cases.  There will be additional pre-work as well.


Alan Keen is an International Judge who has served on numerous juries, including several Laser World Championships, the Volvo Ocean Race and All Africa Games.  He sails dinghies and keel boats (including ocean racing) and came second in a Laser Masters World Championships.  He is a multiple L34 National Champion.  He is a Yachtmaster Offshore.

Lance Burger is an International Judge who has served on the jury for the ISAF Worlds and at the Olympic Games.  He serves on the ISAF Racing Rules committee and served as a member of the ISAF Disciplinary Commission.  He came second in a Laser Masters World Championships and fifth in a J22 World Championships.  He has a Yachtmaster Ocean certificate from the RYA and SA Sailing.


Participants can take a rule book with them into the test but no other books.  The test is mostly for self-evaluation, and to determine areas where improvement is needed.  If you do particularly well in the test we will recommend you to be made a national judge. Few people finish the test in time without rushing.  Knowing the rules well and a good knowledge of the ISAF judges manual and cases will help you to do well in the test.